The One-Pillar Pagoda, a landmark of Việt Nam’s 1,000-year old capital Thăng Long-Hà Nội, has been recognised as Asia's most unique piece of architecture by the Asia Book of Records.
Announced on 10 October 2012 in Faridabad, India, the pagoda was one of five records put forward by Việt Nam for the Asia Book of Records’ culture–religion category. Others included “The largest bronze-made pagoda” (Bronze Pagoda on Yên Tử Mountain in Quảng Ninh province); “The pagoda with the largest archive of woodblocks for printing Buddhist prayer books (Vĩnh Nghiêm Pagoda, Bắc Giang province); and “The largest gold-inlaid bronze Goddess of Mercy statue” and “The largest gold-inlaid bronze Tam thế Phật (past, present and future Buddha) statue” (Bái Đính Pagoda, Ninh Bình Province).
Built during the reign of Lý Thái Tông (1029-54), the One-Pillar Pagoda was recognised as a national heritage site in 1962. One of the most famous pieces of architecture in Việt Nam, it is located near the Hồ Chí Minh Museum and the Hồ Chí Minh Mausoleum and attracts thousands of local and international visitors every year.
As its name suggests, the entire pagoda is set on a single stone pillar, evoking the imagery of a lotus flower rising up from the water surface. Each side of the square-shaped pagoda is 3 metres long and its curved roof is crowned with the shape of two dragons flanking the moon.
More recently, the One-Pillar Pagoda was acclaimed as Việt Nam’s most architecturally unique pagoda by the 2006 Viet Nam Book of Records.
The Asia Book of Records's General Director Biswaroop Roy Chowdhury visited Việt Nam on 27 October to bestow the certificate to the Việt Nam Book of Records.